Journal of Life Science and Biomedicine
J Life Sci Biomed, 8(4): 61-68, 2018
A Study on the Composition, Agro Ecosystem Use and
Socio Economic Role of Homegarden in Selected Kebeles
of Haramaya District, Oromia Regional State, Eastern
Haramaya University, College of Agriculture and Environmental Science, School of Animal and Range Sciences, P.O.
Box 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
Homegardens believed to be more diverse and provide multiple services for household than
other mono cropping system and this is due to the combination of crops, trees and livestock.
The study focused on the composition, structure of homegarden, diversity of plant species
and contribution of homegarden to household food security, socio-economic importance.
From the total of twenty kebeles, Gode, Damota, Tennike and Finkille kebeles were selected
using lottery method. In a reconnaissance survey made in the kebeles from October 10-25
2016 four sites were selected purposively. Totally 80 households which are home garden users
were selected for this study. Socio-economic data and potential economic and agro-ecosystem
role of home garden agro forestry were collected by using structured questionnaire, focus
group discussion and semi structured interview. The family size of respondents ranges from
Rec. 30 Oct. 2017
Acc. 10 May 2018
Rev. 11 June 2018
Pub. 25 July 2018
Household Food Security,
2-12. There is a strong correlation between the farm land holding and the size of the
homegarden. Nine tree species were identified in the study area. The homegardens were
covered with fruits and other plants before 20 years ago but know there is complete change
on the vegetation cover. The dominant species in the area is chat (Catha edulis). The regression
analysis made to identify determination of annual income showed that income from home
garden and numbers of species in the home garden have strong correlation with annual
income at P<0.05. Home garden agro forestry significantly at P<0.05 improved the farmer’s
cash income. With insignificant garden size; home garden practice provides good socio-
economical and agro-ecological service for the farmers which have higher implication for
climate change adaptation and family level food security.
Home garden agro forestry has been documented as an important source of food and nutritional security
throughout the world . Home gardening is an ancient and widespread practice all over the world which is
found both rural and urban areas. It is predominantly taken as small scale subsistence agricultural system . It
is being practice in Asia, Africa and Latin America predominantly which serves the society for economic and
immediate food source . Home garden play important role in ecological and socio ecological system
comprising domestic plants and crops . Home gardens are known for their structural complexity and
diversity of crops and plant species .
Home garden are one of the major practice known by the local community for their ecological sustainability
and diversification of livelihood system creation . The socio economic and agro economic roles includes wide
range of products such as: firewood, fodder spices, medicinal plants and ornaments including food [6,7]. It is also
belived that home garden contribute ecological and conservation functions like formation and maintenance of
soil structure, retention of soil moisture and recycling of nutrients that help in mitigating climate change .
The land use system involves management of multipurpose trees and annual and perennial agricultural crops
within compound of individual house .
In Ethiopia, where most of the population is farmer (80%) which depends on agriculture for their livelihoods
and contributes 42-45% of the total GDP of the country . Haramaya district is one of the districts found in
Eastern HarargheOromia regional state and the area is known for its productivity. The local communities in the
study area are farmers and employed workers of different NGOs and government offices even if they are